New Zealand Place names
“because it afforded us no one thing we wanted”
After the 11-year-old boy who won a gallon of rum for being the first to sight land
Shape and flat top
Isle of Portland
"on account of its very great resemblance to Portland in the English Channel"
For the attempt to kidnap Tupaia's young acolyte, Taiata
Cook sailed Endeavour south to this point, where upon meeting adverse conditions he turned and headed north again
"on account of the very great resemblance the white cliff at the very point hath to the Gable end of a House"
"hath nothing to recommend it I shall give no discription of it"
The crew mistook the local name for this bay as Tolaga. It was actually Uawa
Easternmost point of land on the whole coast
Off East Cape
First sited by Lieutenant Zachary Hickes
The lieutenant spelt his name Hickes; Cook wrote it without the "e" and it's stuck
Appeared to be white in colour
White Island is an active volcano. It was evidently asleep at the time
Bay of Plenty (Bay of Plenty / Te Moana-a-Toi)
In contrast to Poverty Bay
The name and its connotation endures, despite being made from the deck of a ship out at sea
(Moutohora Island or Whale Island)
In recognition of the Lord Mayor's Day to be held in London a few days later
A cluster of islands and rocks reminiscent of the Court of Aldermen
Transit of Mercury observed from here
The long sandy beach in Mercury Bay where Cook landed in now called Cooks Beach
Opoorage (Purangi Estuary)
River of Mangroves
"As we did not learn that the Natives had any name for this River, I have called it the River of Mangroves, because of the great quantity of these Trees that are found in it"
"on account of its bearing some resemblance to that River in England"
"in honour of the Right hon'ble the Lord Colvill"
Cook served under Rear Admiral Lord Colville in Newfoundland
a chain of islands lying across the mouth of the harbour now known as Coromandel Harbour
"we caught between 90 and 100 Bream (a fish so called)"
It is thought these fish were snapper. In a jovial mood, he called the two headlands of the bay, Bream Head and Bream Tail
A group of islands shaped like a hen and her chickens
Possibly for a resemblance to a kind of dessert
After Peircy Brett
“At the very point of the Cape is a high round Hillock… with a hole pierced thro' it like the Arch of a Bridge, and this was one reason why I gave the Cape the above name, because Piercy seem'd very proper for that of the Island”
After the cavally fish sold to the crew from a passing Māori waka
"on account of the Great Number which line its shores"
A sunken rock hit by Endeavour with no perceptible damage
"the wind not permitting us to look into this Bay"
Juts out from a Doubtless Bay headland
A large hill with a small dip in the top, standing upon a barren desert-like shore
"nothing but white sand thrown up in low irregular hills"
Northernmost point of land on the whole coast
"the appearance of a Bay or inlet, but I believe it is only low land"
"on account of the Great Number of these Birds we saw upon it"
After the birdlife
After the Earl of Egmont, First Lord of the Admiralty from 1763 to 1766
Today, the volcano has two official names
At the foot of Mount Egmont
Sugar Loaf Isles
Sugar Loaf Point on the mainland "riseth to a good height in the very form of a Sugar Loaf"
A high remarkable Island guarding the entrance to Cooks Strait
Queen Charlotte's Sound
Queen Charlotte, the wife of the reigning British monarch
Here the ship Endeavour was careened "(she being very foul)"
Cook returned here numerous times, using it as a base on his second and third voyages
An island in the outer Queen Charlotte Sound
A placeholder name until someone came up with a better one
A bay, possibly called Anahou, was labelled by Cook and several others as "Canibals Cove" on their maps
An island in the outer Queen Charlotte Sound where there was a pa
After gaining permission from Topaa, an elder from the pa, Cook and his men erected a post on the highest part of the Island, and hoisted the British flag
Eahei no Mauwe
... and to the south (from where he had stood) was not part of a continent, but rather two islands separated by a strait
"some of the Officers had just started, that AeheinoMouwe was not an Island… For my own part, I had seen so far into this Sea the first time I discover'd the Strait, together with many .other Concurrent testimonies of its being an Island, that no such supposition ever enter'd my thoughts; but being resolved to clear up every doubt that might Arise on so important an Object, I steer'd North-East" until all the officers were satisfied
While this name appears on Cook's chart, it is worth noting Cook is not known for naming places after himself, and it is speculated that Joseph Banks bestowed the name of the strait (or as Banks spells it in his diary "Cooks streights")
A cape to the east on the North Island side of Cook Strait
Some scholars have pointed out that Topaa may simply have pointed out "east" rather than a particular headland
Southeast head of Queen Charlotte Sound "called by the Natives, Koamaroo"
Similar to Cape Terawhiti, this name may have been misinterpreted
After Hugh Palliser
Palliser was captain of HMS Eagle, Cook's first ship in the Royal Navy
(Cape Campbell / Te Karaka)
A remarkable hillock
An unremarkable hillock
Presumably to flatter Lieutenant Gore following a fruitless search for land that Gore saw, or thought he saw out to sea east of Banks Island. Cook was certain it was clouds
After Joseph Banks
Cook mistook Banks Peninsula for an island – one of his few mistakes
South East Bay
"we could not see this land join to that to the Northward of us, there either being a total separation, a deep Bay, or low land between them"
Along with Sout East Bay and Bench Island, Cook initially draw Foveaux Strait and Stewart Island/Rakiura on his chart; however, he later amended it to depict Steward Island as a peninsula, in accordance with instructions from the Admiralty to hide strategic off-shore islands from hostile powers
"low land, making like an Island"
Ledges of rock, that lie "such as to catch unwary Strangers", from which Endeavour had "a very fortunate Escape"
Southernmost point of land on the whole coast
Westernmost point of land upon the whole Coast
Cook wanted to go in but found the distance too great to run before dusk
"5 high peaked rocks, standing up like the 4 fingers and thumb of a Man's hand"
"it certainly would have been highly imprudent in me to have put into a place where we could not have got out"
"I mention this because there was some on board that wanted me to harbour at any rate, without in the least Considering either the present or future Consequences"
(in vicinity of Big Bay)
"appearance of an inlet into the land; but upon a nearer approach found that it was only a deep Valley"
"deep Red Clifts, down which falls 4 Small streams of Water"
Cook did not sight (or name) Aoraki / Mount Cook, the highest mountain in New Zealand; however, he did describe the range of snow covered alps that runs down the island almost from one end to the other
About 21 March
Foul gales for days on end
Many dangerous rocks awash
Seeking a promotion?
Northernmost point of Rangitotokite Tonga / D'Urville Island
A deep dead end bay
Now recognised as two bays divided by Separation Point / TeMatau
Name (and today's name)
Reason for naming
Point of land at the southern entrance to the fjord
The first place the Resolution anchored
A convenient Harbour discovered by Richard Pickersgill where the Resolution moored for after 122 days at sea in the Pacific and sub-Antarctic waters
Astronomer Point, where William Wales established an observatory, was named later on
Indian Cove (Cascade Cove)
After a Tamatea family who “seemed rather afraid when we approached the Rock with our Boat, he however stood firm”
Ate their lunch
Ate their dinner
The ship that brought them there
“In this Cove we shott fourteen Ducks”
Cook befriended the indigenous people here
Places named in vicinity of Anchor Island:
No Mans Island
Little Harbour and islands
Anchor Island and Harbour
Thrum caps are the unspun raw wool hats worn by sailors
Places named on western side of Resolution Island:
A very long island
Other places named in vicinity of Long Island:
Cook Channel lies between Long Island the mainland, but needless to say Cook did not this after himself
Released five geese they brought with them from Cape of Good Hope
Cook Stream runs from the lake into Pickersgill Harbour, but Cook did not name that after himself either
Passage (Acheron Passage)
Wet Jacket Arm
Places named in inner Breaksea Sound / Puaitaha:
Nobody knows what (Broughton Arm)
Sunday Cove was visited on a Sunday.
Apparently, Apparent Island was an apparition, because it does not exist.
Places named in outer Breaksea Sound / Puaitaha:
From here Resolution set sail for Queen Charlotte Sound