Point Hicks

19 April

Lieutenant Zachary Hickes, "was the first who discover'd this land"

However, there is no land feature at Cook's coordinates. In 1970, Cape Everard was re-named Point Hicks.

37°48′S 149°16′E

spelled his name Hickes, Cook wrote it without the "e"

Ram Head

19 April

Ramhead "go in to Plymouth Sound"

37°46′S 149°29′E

Cape Howe

20 April

Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe

37°30′S 149°58′E

Cape Dromedary (Montague Island)

21 April

A point running out from under Mount Dromedary.

36°17′S 150°08′E

Cook mistook Montague Island for a headland.[3]

Mount Dromedary

21 April

"pretty high mountain laying near the shore which on account of its figure I named Mount Dromedary"

36°17′51″S 150°01′00″E

now called Mount Gulaga

Batemans Bay

21 April

35°42′S 150°11′E

Point Upright

22 April

"on account of its perpendicular Clifts"

35°37′S 150°19′E

Pigeon House

22 April

"a remarkable peaked hill laying inland the top of which look'd like a Pigeon house"

35°17′S 150°17′E

Marked on chart as Pidgeon House

Cape St. George

23 April

discovered on St George's Day

35°10′S 150°45′E

now Jervis Bay Territory

Long Nose

25 April

"on account of its Figure"

34°48′S 150°40′E

now called Beecroft Peninsula (to the north of Jervis Bay)

Red Point

25 April

red colour

34°29′S 150°55′E

Point Solander

28 April

Daniel Solander, botanist on board

34°00′S 151°14′E

to the south of Botany Bay

Botany Bay

28 April – 6 May

"The great quantity of plants Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander found in this place occasioned my giving it the Name of Botany Bay"

33°58′S 151°10′E

originally Stingray Harbour

Cape Banks

6 May

Joseph Banks

33°59′S 151°15′E

to the north of Botany Bay

Port Jackson

6 May

George Jackson, a secretary of the Admiralty

33°50′S 151°16′E

Broken Bay

7 May

"broken land that appear'd to form a bay"

33°34′07″S 151°19′00″E

Cook's Broken Bay was the area near Narrabeen Lake.

Cape Three Points

7 May

"high land which projected out in 3 bluff Points"

33°29′S 151°26′E

between Copacabana and Avoca Beach

Point Stephens

11 May

Sir Philip Stephens, Secretary to the Admiralty (1763–95)

32°44′S 152°12′E

On the coast near Fingal Bay, New South Wales

Port Stephens

11 May

Sir Philip Stephens, Secretary to the Admiralty

32°41′46″S 152°08′30″E

Black Head

11 May

32°04′S 152°32′E

SE of Tinonee

Cape Hawke

11 May

Sir Edward Hawke, 1st Baron Hawke, First Lord of the Admiralty

32°12′S 152°34′E

Three Brothers

12 May

"3 remarkable large high hills lying Contigious to each other... bore some resemblance to each other"

31°39′52″S 152°46′26″E

called separately South Brother (31°44′37″S 152°40′15″E ), Middle Brother and North Brother

Smoakey Cape

13 May

"fires that Caused a great Quantity of smoke" on the cape

30°54′S 153°06′E

Solitary Isles

15 May

29°55′S 153°23′E

Cape Byron

15 May

John Byron

28°37′58″S 153°38′20″E

Easternmost point of Australia

Mount Warning

16 May

breakers found within sight

28°23′50″S 153°16′15″E

Point Danger

16 May

Point off which shoals lie

28°10′S 153°33′E

Cook's Point Danger was Fingal Head – 2n Miles South of the present-day Point Danger on the QldNSW border

Point Lookout

17 May

27°26′S 153°33′E

North-eastern point of North Stradbroke Island

Morton Bay

17 May

Robert Hinch, 14th Earl of Morton, was President of the Royal Society

27°15′S 153°15′E

Moreton was a later misspelling of Morton. What Cook named Morton Bay comprised the Pacific Ocean side of what is now called Moreton Island. The name Moreton Bay is now applied to larger expanse of water on the inland side of Moreton and Stradbroke Islands, comprising the mouth of the Brisbane River.

Cape Morton

17 May

James Douglas, 14th Earl of Morton

27°01′S 153°28′E

Northern end of Moreton Island

Glasshouse Bay

17 May

27°04′S 153°17′E

Cook did not realise it was part of Moreton Bay; between Moreton Island and Bribie Island

The Glass Houses

17 May

hills resemble glass houses

26°55′S 152°56′E

Now called The Glass House Mountains

Double Island Point

18 May

"on account of its figure... the point itself is of such an unequal Height that it looks like 2 Small Islands laying under the land"

25°55′57″S 153°11′12″E

Wide Bay

18 May

large open bay

25°54′S 153°08′E

Wide Bay–Burnett is used as the region name for the larger surrounding area today. Rainbow Beach is on the bay.

Indian Head

19 May

"a number of the Natives were Assembled" there

25°00′S 153°22′E

Eastern point of Fraser Island

Sandy Cape

20 May

sand

24°41′52″S 153°15′21″E

Northern point of Fraser Island

Break Sea Spit

21 May

"now we had smooth water, whereas upon the whole Coast to the Southward of it we had always a high Sea or swell from the South-East."

24°25′S 153°13′E

shoal projecting north from the north tip of Fraser Island

Herveys Bay

21 May

Augustus Hervey, 3rd Earl of Bristol

25°17′7″S 152°52′22″E

South Head

23 May

South head of Bustard Bay

24°08′54″S 151°53′09″E

Now known as Round Hill Head. Village of 1770 located there, Cook's first landing in Queensland and second in Australia.

Bustard Bay

23 May

bustard (bird)

24°06′S 151°49′E

North Head

23 May

North head of Bustard Bay

24°01′S 151°46′E

Now known as Bustard Head

Cape Capricorn

25 May

Tropic of Capricorn

23°28′S 151°13′E

NE point of Curtis Island

Keppel Isles

26 May

Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel

23°10′30″S 150°57′40″E

Great Keppel Island largest of the group

Keppel Bay

27 May

Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel

23°23′S 150°53′E

Cape Manyfold

27 May

"from the Number of high Hills over it"

22°41′S 150°50′E

The Two Brothers

28 May

22°42′S 150°59′E

Island Head

28 May

22°20′S 150°39′E

Cape Townshend

28 May

Charles Townshend, Lord of the Admiralty 1765-1770[4]

22°12′S 150°29′E

northern tip of Townshend Island

Shoal Water Bay

28 May

Shoal water

22°22′S 150°22′E

Northumberland Isles

28 May

21°40′S 150°10′E

Thirsty Sound

30 May

"by reason we could find no fresh Water"

22°10′S 149°58′E

Bay of Inlets

1 June

"the Number of Inlets, Creeks, etc., in it."

22°19′S 149°50′E

Named a 100 km region of coastline from Cape Palmerston (south of Mackay) to Cape Townshend (name no longer in use)

Long Isle

1 June

22°07′S 149°54′E

Broad Sound

1 June

22°10′S 149°45′E

Cape Palmerston

1 June

Henry Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, Lord of the Admiralty, 1766–78

21°01′S 149°29′E

SE of Carmila

Slade Point

2 June

21°03′S 149°13′E

Cape Hillsborough

2 June

Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire (the Earl of Hillsborough); First Secretary of State for the Colonies, and President of the Board of Trade

20°54′S 149°02′E

30 km NNW of Mackay

Repulse Bay

3 June

20°33′S 148°45′E

Cape Conway

3 June

General Henry Seymour Conway, Secretary of State 1765–68

20°31′S 148°54′E

Whitsundays Passage

4 June

discovered on Whitsunday

20°17′S 148°52′E

between Hamilton Island, Whitsunday Island and the mainland

Cumberland Isles

4 June

Prince Henry, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn,

20°34′S 149°08′E

Originally the name for what are now called the Whitsunday Islands; Cook only called the passage Whitsundays. [1]

Cape Gloucester

4 June

Prince William Henry, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh

20°00′55″S 148°27′18″E

Actually an island

Holburn Isle

4 June

Admiral Francis Holburne

19°43′S 148°21′E

Edgecumbe Bay

4 June

Captain George Edgcumbe, 1st Earl of Mount Edgcumbe commanded the Lancaster in the fleet in North America in 1758 in which Cook served.

20°06′S 148°23′E

Mount Upstart

5 June

"because being surrounded with low land it starts or rises up singley at the first making of it"

19°44′S 147°48′E

Cape Bowling Green

5 June

19°18′S 147°24′E

Cape Cleveland

6 June

either in honour of a John Clevland the Secretary to the Admiralty around that time, or after Cleveland, England where he was born.[5]

19°10′S 147°00′E

Cook spelled the name with an "e", adding to the confusion

Cleveland Bay

6 June

19°13′S 146°55′E

Magnetical Island

6 June

"the Compass did not traverse well when near it"

19°08′S 146°50′E

Now called Magnetic Island

Palm Isles

6 June

18°44′S 146°35′E

Halifax Bay

8 June

George Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax was Secretary of State 1763–65

18°50′S 146°30′E

Point Hillock

8 June

18°25′S 146°21′E

on Hinchinbrook Island

Cape Sandwich

8 June

John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich

18°14′S 146°17′E

on Hinchinbrook Island

Family Islands

8 June

18°01′S 146°10′E

Dunk Island

8 June

George Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax

17°56′48″S 146°09′22″E

Rockingham Bay

8 June

Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham

18°08′S 146°04′E

Double Point

8 June

17°40′S 146°09′E

Frankland Islands

9 June

Admiral Sir Thomas Frankland, 5th Baronet

17°09′49″S 146°00′42″E

Cape Grafton

9 June

Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton was Prime Minister when Cook sailed

16°51′55″S 145°55′00″E

Fitzroy Island

9 June

16°56′S 146°00′E

Green Island

10 June

"a Low green woody Island"

16°45′S 145°58′E

Trinity Bay

10 June

discovered on Trinity Sunday

16°54′S 145°47′E

Cape Tribulation

10 June

"because here began all our Troubles"

16°04′S 145°28′E

Cook hit a reef here, before changing course, and later that night hitting Endeavour Reef.

Hope Island

13 June

"we were always in hopes of being able to reach these Islands"

15°43′S 145°27′E

Weary Bay

13 June

15°54′S 145°22′E

Endeavour River

14 June – 4 August

HM Bark Endeavour

15°27′30″S 145°14′00″E

Ship beached while repairs conducted, near modern-day Cooktown

Cape Bedford

4 August

Probably after John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, who had been First Lord of the Admiralty, 1744–47

15°13′S 145°20′E

Cape Flattery

10 August

"We now judged ourselves to be clear of all Danger, having, as we thought, a Clear, open Sea before us; but this we soon found otherwise"

14°56′S 145°21′E

Islands of Direction

10 August

14°44′S 145°30′E

South Direction Island and North Direction Island

Point Lookout

11 August

14°49′S 145°13′E

Not to be confused with the Point Lookout which Cook had earlier so named, being the north-eastern point of North Stradbroke Island.

Lizard Island

12 August

"only land Animals we saw here were Lizards, and these seem'd to be pretty Plenty"

14°40′S 145°27′E

Lizard Island still enjoys a substantial population of huge monitor lizards.

Eagle Island

12 August

"We found on this Island a pretty number of Birds, the most of them sea Fowl, except Eagles; 2 of the Latter we shott and some of the others"

14°41′S 145°22′E

Providential Channel

17 August

providence

12°36′S 143°49′E

Cape Weymouth

17 August

Thomas Thynne, 1st Marquess of Bath, Viscount Weymouth was one of the Secretaries of State when the Endeavour sailed

12°36′S 143°26′E

Weymouth Bay

17 August

Thomas Thynne, 1st Marquess of Bath

12°29′S 143°20′E

Forbes Islands

19 August

Admiral John Forbes was a Commissioner of Longitude in 1768, and had been a Lord of the Admiralty 1756–63

12°17′S 143°24′E

Bolt Head

19 August

12°15′S 143°06′E

Sir Charles Hardy's Isles

18 August

11°55′S 143°28′E

Temple Bay

19 August

Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple, brother of George Grenville, was First Lord of the Admiralty in 1756

12°18′S 143°08′E

Cockburn Islands

19 August

Admiral George Cockburn was a Commissioner of Longitude and Comptroller of the Navy when Cook left England.

11°51′S 143°18′E

Cape Grenville

19 August

George Grenville

11°58′S 143°15′E

Shelburne Bay

20 August

11°49′S 142°58′E

Orfordness

20 August

11°17′S 142°49′E

New Castle Bay

21 August

10°53′S 142°36′E

York Cape

21 August

Prince Edward, Duke of York and Albany

10°41′S 142°31′E

Although Cook applied the name York Cape only to the northern tip, the name Cape York Peninsula is now applied to the entire promontory between the Gulf of Carpentaria and the Coral Sea (Pacific Ocean).

York Isles

21 August

Prince Edward, Duke of York and Albany

10°41′S 142°31′E

Possession Island

22 August

"in the Name of His Majesty King George the Third took possession of the whole Eastern coast from the above Latitude [38°S] down to this place by the Name of New Wales1"

However, the Admiralty's instructions [6] did not authorized Cook to annex New Holland (Australia), so there was no possession ceremony. Cook re-wrote his hilltop signalling drill as a possession ceremony when he learnt that the French had preceded him across the Pacific.[7]

10°43′36″S 142°23′49″E

1"The Admiralty copy, as well as that belonging to Her Majesty, calls it New South Wales."

Prince of Wales's Isles

22 August

George Augustus Frederick, Prince of Wales

10°41′02″S 142°11′06″E

Cape Cornwall

22 August

10°46′S 142°11′E

SW point of Prince of Wales Island

Wallis Isles

23 August

probably after Captain Samuel Wallis, who made a voyage across the Pacific in the Dolphin in 1767, and discovered Tahiti

10°52′S 141°57′E

Endeavours Strait

23 August

HMB Endeavour

10°49′S 142°06′E

Booby Island

23 August

"mostly a barren rock frequented by Birds, such as Boobies"

10°36′S 141°54′E

oint Hicks

19 April

Lieutenant Zachary Hickes, "was the first who discover'd this land"

However, there is no land feature at Cook's coordinates. In 1970, Cape Everard was re-named Point Hicks.

37°48′S 149°16′E

spelled his name Hickes, Cook wrote it without the "e"

Ram Head

19 April

Ramhead "go in to Plymouth Sound"

37°46′S 149°29′E

Cape Howe

20 April

Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe

37°30′S 149°58′E

Cape Dromedary (Montague Island)

21 April

A point running out from under Mount Dromedary.

36°17′S 150°08′E

Cook mistook Montague Island for a headland.[3]

Mount Dromedary

21 April

"pretty high mountain laying near the shore which on account of its figure I named Mount Dromedary"

36°17′51″S 150°01′00″E

now called Mount Gulaga

Batemans Bay

21 April

35°42′S 150°11′E

Point Upright

22 April

"on account of its perpendicular Clifts"

35°37′S 150°19′E

Pigeon House

22 April

"a remarkable peaked hill laying inland the top of which look'd like a Pigeon house"

35°17′S 150°17′E

Marked on chart as Pidgeon House

Cape St. George

23 April

discovered on St George's Day

35°10′S 150°45′E

now Jervis Bay Territory

Long Nose

25 April

"on account of its Figure"

34°48′S 150°40′E

now called Beecroft Peninsula (to the north of Jervis Bay)

Red Point

25 April

red colour

34°29′S 150°55′E

Point Solander

28 April

Daniel Solander, botanist on board

34°00′S 151°14′E

to the south of Botany Bay

Botany Bay

28 April – 6 May

"The great quantity of plants Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander found in this place occasioned my giving it the Name of Botany Bay"

33°58′S 151°10′E

originally Stingray Harbour

Cape Banks

6 May

Joseph Banks

33°59′S 151°15′E

to the north of Botany Bay

Port Jackson

6 May

George Jackson, a secretary of the Admiralty

33°50′S 151°16′E

Broken Bay

7 May

"broken land that appear'd to form a bay"

33°34′07″S 151°19′00″E

Cook's Broken Bay was the area near Narrabeen Lake.

Cape Three Points

7 May

"high land which projected out in 3 bluff Points"

33°29′S 151°26′E

between Copacabana and Avoca Beach

Point Stephens

11 May

Sir Philip Stephens, Secretary to the Admiralty (1763–95)

32°44′S 152°12′E

On the coast near Fingal Bay, New South Wales

Port Stephens

11 May

Sir Philip Stephens, Secretary to the Admiralty

32°41′46″S 152°08′30″E

Black Head

11 May

32°04′S 152°32′E

SE of Tinonee

Cape Hawke

11 May

Sir Edward Hawke, 1st Baron Hawke, First Lord of the Admiralty

32°12′S 152°34′E

Three Brothers

12 May

"3 remarkable large high hills lying Contigious to each other... bore some resemblance to each other"

31°39′52″S 152°46′26″E

called separately South Brother (31°44′37″S 152°40′15″E ), Middle Brother and North Brother

Smoakey Cape

13 May

"fires that Caused a great Quantity of smoke" on the cape

30°54′S 153°06′E

Solitary Isles

15 May

29°55′S 153°23′E

Cape Byron

15 May

John Byron

28°37′58″S 153°38′20″E

Easternmost point of Australia

Mount Warning

16 May

breakers found within sight

28°23′50″S 153°16′15″E

Point Danger

16 May

Point off which shoals lie

28°10′S 153°33′E

Cook's Point Danger was Fingal Head – 2n Miles South of the present-day Point Danger on the QldNSW border

Point Lookout

17 May

27°26′S 153°33′E

North-eastern point of North Stradbroke Island

Morton Bay

17 May

Robert Hinch, 14th Earl of Morton, was President of the Royal Society

27°15′S 153°15′E

Moreton was a later misspelling of Morton. What Cook named Morton Bay comprised the Pacific Ocean side of what is now called Moreton Island. The name Moreton Bay is now applied to larger expanse of water on the inland side of Moreton and Stradbroke Islands, comprising the mouth of the Brisbane River.

Cape Morton

17 May

James Douglas, 14th Earl of Morton

27°01′S 153°28′E

Northern end of Moreton Island

Glasshouse Bay

17 May

27°04′S 153°17′E

Cook did not realise it was part of Moreton Bay; between Moreton Island and Bribie Island

The Glass Houses

17 May

hills resemble glass houses

26°55′S 152°56′E

Now called The Glass House Mountains

Double Island Point

18 May

"on account of its figure... the point itself is of such an unequal Height that it looks like 2 Small Islands laying under the land"

25°55′57″S 153°11′12″E

Wide Bay

18 May

large open bay

25°54′S 153°08′E

Wide Bay–Burnett is used as the region name for the larger surrounding area today. Rainbow Beach is on the bay.

Indian Head

19 May

"a number of the Natives were Assembled" there

25°00′S 153°22′E

Eastern point of Fraser Island

Sandy Cape

20 May

sand

24°41′52″S 153°15′21″E

Northern point of Fraser Island

Break Sea Spit

21 May

"now we had smooth water, whereas upon the whole Coast to the Southward of it we had always a high Sea or swell from the South-East."

24°25′S 153°13′E

shoal projecting north from the north tip of Fraser Island

Herveys Bay

21 May

Augustus Hervey, 3rd Earl of Bristol

25°17′7″S 152°52′22″E

South Head

23 May

South head of Bustard Bay

24°08′54″S 151°53′09″E

Now known as Round Hill Head. Village of 1770 located there, Cook's first landing in Queensland and second in Australia.

Bustard Bay

23 May

bustard (bird)

24°06′S 151°49′E

North Head

23 May

North head of Bustard Bay

24°01′S 151°46′E

Now known as Bustard Head

Cape Capricorn

25 May

Tropic of Capricorn

23°28′S 151°13′E

NE point of Curtis Island

Keppel Isles

26 May

Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel

23°10′30″S 150°57′40″E

Great Keppel Island largest of the group

Keppel Bay

27 May

Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel

23°23′S 150°53′E

Cape Manyfold

27 May

"from the Number of high Hills over it"

22°41′S 150°50′E

The Two Brothers

28 May

22°42′S 150°59′E

Island Head

28 May

22°20′S 150°39′E

Cape Townshend

28 May

Charles Townshend, Lord of the Admiralty 1765-1770[4]

22°12′S 150°29′E

northern tip of Townshend Island

Shoal Water Bay

28 May

Shoal water

22°22′S 150°22′E

Northumberland Isles

28 May

21°40′S 150°10′E

Thirsty Sound

30 May

"by reason we could find no fresh Water"

22°10′S 149°58′E

Bay of Inlets

1 June

"the Number of Inlets, Creeks, etc., in it."

22°19′S 149°50′E

Named a 100 km region of coastline from Cape Palmerston (south of Mackay) to Cape Townshend (name no longer in use)

Long Isle

1 June

22°07′S 149°54′E

Broad Sound

1 June

22°10′S 149°45′E

Cape Palmerston

1 June

Henry Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, Lord of the Admiralty, 1766–78

21°01′S 149°29′E

SE of Carmila

Slade Point

2 June

21°03′S 149°13′E

Cape Hillsborough

2 June

Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire (the Earl of Hillsborough); First Secretary of State for the Colonies, and President of the Board of Trade

20°54′S 149°02′E

30 km NNW of Mackay

Repulse Bay

3 June

20°33′S 148°45′E

Cape Conway

3 June

General Henry Seymour Conway, Secretary of State 1765–68

20°31′S 148°54′E

Whitsundays Passage

4 June

discovered on Whitsunday

20°17′S 148°52′E

between Hamilton Island, Whitsunday Island and the mainland

Cumberland Isles

4 June

Prince Henry, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn,

20°34′S 149°08′E

Originally the name for what are now called the Whitsunday Islands; Cook only called the passage Whitsundays. [1]

Cape Gloucester

4 June

Prince William Henry, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh

20°00′55″S 148°27′18″E

Actually an island

Holburn Isle

4 June

Admiral Francis Holburne

19°43′S 148°21′E

Edgecumbe Bay

4 June

Captain George Edgcumbe, 1st Earl of Mount Edgcumbe commanded the Lancaster in the fleet in North America in 1758 in which Cook served.

20°06′S 148°23′E

Mount Upstart

5 June

"because being surrounded with low land it starts or rises up singley at the first making of it"

19°44′S 147°48′E

Cape Bowling Green

5 June

19°18′S 147°24′E

Cape Cleveland

6 June

either in honour of a John Clevland the Secretary to the Admiralty around that time, or after Cleveland, England where he was born.[5]

19°10′S 147°00′E

Cook spelled the name with an "e", adding to the confusion

Cleveland Bay

6 June

19°13′S 146°55′E

Magnetical Island

6 June

"the Compass did not traverse well when near it"

19°08′S 146°50′E

Now called Magnetic Island

Palm Isles

6 June

18°44′S 146°35′E

Halifax Bay

8 June

George Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax was Secretary of State 1763–65

18°50′S 146°30′E

Point Hillock

8 June

18°25′S 146°21′E

on Hinchinbrook Island

Cape Sandwich

8 June

John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich

18°14′S 146°17′E

on Hinchinbrook Island

Family Islands

8 June

18°01′S 146°10′E

Dunk Island

8 June

George Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax

17°56′48″S 146°09′22″E

Rockingham Bay

8 June

Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham

18°08′S 146°04′E

Double Point

8 June

17°40′S 146°09′E

Frankland Islands

9 June

Admiral Sir Thomas Frankland, 5th Baronet

17°09′49″S 146°00′42″E

Cape Grafton

9 June

Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton was Prime Minister when Cook sailed

16°51′55″S 145°55′00″E

Fitzroy Island

9 June

16°56′S 146°00′E

Green Island

10 June

"a Low green woody Island"

16°45′S 145°58′E

Trinity Bay

10 June

discovered on Trinity Sunday

16°54′S 145°47′E

Cape Tribulation

10 June

"because here began all our Troubles"

16°04′S 145°28′E

Cook hit a reef here, before changing course, and later that night hitting Endeavour Reef.

Hope Island

13 June

"we were always in hopes of being able to reach these Islands"

15°43′S 145°27′E

Weary Bay

13 June

15°54′S 145°22′E

Endeavour River

14 June – 4 August

HM Bark Endeavour

15°27′30″S 145°14′00″E

Ship beached while repairs conducted, near modern-day Cooktown

Cape Bedford

4 August

Probably after John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, who had been First Lord of the Admiralty, 1744–47

15°13′S 145°20′E

Cape Flattery

10 August

"We now judged ourselves to be clear of all Danger, having, as we thought, a Clear, open Sea before us; but this we soon found otherwise"

14°56′S 145°21′E

Islands of Direction

10 August

14°44′S 145°30′E

South Direction Island and North Direction Island

Point Lookout

11 August

14°49′S 145°13′E

Not to be confused with the Point Lookout which Cook had earlier so named, being the north-eastern point of North Stradbroke Island.

Lizard Island

12 August

"only land Animals we saw here were Lizards, and these seem'd to be pretty Plenty"

14°40′S 145°27′E

Lizard Island still enjoys a substantial population of huge monitor lizards.

Eagle Island

12 August

"We found on this Island a pretty number of Birds, the most of them sea Fowl, except Eagles; 2 of the Latter we shott and some of the others"

14°41′S 145°22′E

Providential Channel

17 August

providence

12°36′S 143°49′E

Cape Weymouth

17 August

Thomas Thynne, 1st Marquess of Bath, Viscount Weymouth was one of the Secretaries of State when the Endeavour sailed

12°36′S 143°26′E

Weymouth Bay

17 August

Thomas Thynne, 1st Marquess of Bath

12°29′S 143°20′E

Forbes Islands

19 August

Admiral John Forbes was a Commissioner of Longitude in 1768, and had been a Lord of the Admiralty 1756–63

12°17′S 143°24′E

Bolt Head

19 August

12°15′S 143°06′E

Sir Charles Hardy's Isles

18 August

11°55′S 143°28′E

Temple Bay

19 August

Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple, brother of George Grenville, was First Lord of the Admiralty in 1756

12°18′S 143°08′E

Cockburn Islands

19 August

Admiral George Cockburn was a Commissioner of Longitude and Comptroller of the Navy when Cook left England.

11°51′S 143°18′E

Cape Grenville

19 August

George Grenville

11°58′S 143°15′E

Shelburne Bay

20 August

11°49′S 142°58′E

Orfordness

20 August

11°17′S 142°49′E

New Castle Bay

21 August

10°53′S 142°36′E

York Cape

21 August

Prince Edward, Duke of York and Albany

10°41′S 142°31′E

Although Cook applied the name York Cape only to the northern tip, the name Cape York Peninsula is now applied to the entire promontory between the Gulf of Carpentaria and the Coral Sea (Pacific Ocean).

York Isles

21 August

Prince Edward, Duke of York and Albany

10°41′S 142°31′E

Possession Island

22 August

"in the Name of His Majesty King George the Third took possession of the whole Eastern coast from the above Latitude [38°S] down to this place by the Name of New Wales1"

However, the Admiralty's instructions [6] did not authorized Cook to annex New Holland (Australia), so there was no possession ceremony. Cook re-wrote his hilltop signalling drill as a possession ceremony when he learnt that the French had preceded him across the Pacific.[7]

10°43′36″S 142°23′49″E

1"The Admiralty copy, as well as that belonging to Her Majesty, calls it New South Wales."

Prince of Wales's Isles

22 August

George Augustus Frederick, Prince of Wales

10°41′02″S 142°11′06″E

Cape Cornwall

22 August

10°46′S 142°11′E

SW point of Prince of Wales Island

Wallis Isles

23 August

probably after Captain Samuel Wallis, who made a voyage across the Pacific in the Dolphin in 1767, and discovered Tahiti

10°52′S 141°57′E

Endeavours Strait

23 August

HMB Endeavour

10°49′S 142°06′E

Booby Island

23 August

"mostly a barren rock frequented by Birds, such as Boobies"

10°36′S 141°54′E

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